NEW DELHI: The potential geopolitical fault line in the maritime domain in east Asia could be “graver” than what is currently being witnessed, defence minister Rajnath Singh said on Tuesday, while also making a strong case for India to be made a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council.
In a virtual address to the Moscow Conference on International Security, amid the ongoing heightened tensions in the Taiwan Strait with China flexing its muscles, Singh said India is committed to a free, open, secure and inclusive Indo-Pacific region that promotes sustainable maritime trade and economic practices, resilient infrastructure and adherence to global legal order.

“Global security in the framework of multilateralism requires abiding by the UN charter and principles of international law, which act as a bulwark against anarchy, instability and higher chances of conflict,” he said.
“Conflicts could seriously jeopardise political and economic stability and development efforts. For example, the potential geopolitical fault-line in the maritime domain – particularly in East Asia – could be graver than what we are witnessing today,” he added.
Stressing the need for UN reform, the minister said the global body may “progressively lose its effectiveness without democratisation in its decision-making”. The refusal of major powers to change UN institutions in tune with time ignores the emerging geo-political realities and economic and technological progress that has happened since 1945.
It is “regrettable” that India – which represents one-sixth of humanity and has relentlessly contributed to global security under the UN charter — does not have a fair share in the decision-making structure of the UNSC on a permanent basis, the minister said.
The UN has given a platform for global progress in a number of areas, but clearly there is a “crisis of confidence” today in the global system. “While the UN has addressed most of these issues somewhat partially and intermittently, our collective effort has nonetheless fallen short in providing effective and enduring solutions, particularly due to the infirmities within the multilateral system,” Singh said.
“Several contemporary global challenges have come to the fore such as terrorism, radicalism, climate change, growing asymmetric threats, disruptive role of non-state actors and the intensifying geopolitical competition, all of which call for a robust multilateral response,” he added.

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