Russian forces launched nighttime attacks on several cities in Ukraine, officials said Saturday, as Ukrainian President Volodymr Zelenskyy called for an international response to the deadly shelling of a prison complex in a separatist-controlled area in the country’s east and the International Committee of the Red Cross sought access to the scene.

Zelenskyy said the United Nations and Red Cross have a duty to react after Friday’s strike on a centre housing prisoners of war in Eastern Ukraine’s Donetsk province.

Separatist authorities and Russian officials said the attack killed 53 Ukrainian PoWs and wounded another 75.

“It was a deliberate Russian war crime, a deliberate mass murder of Ukrainian prisoners of war,” Zelenskyy said in a video address late Friday. “There should be a clear legal recognition of Russia as a state sponsor of terrorism.”

Both sides alleged the attack on the prison was premeditated and intended to silence the Ukrainian prisoners and to destroy evidence, including of possible atrocities.

Russia claimed Ukraine’s military used U.S.-supplied precision rocket launchers to target the prison in Olenivka, a settlement controlled by the Moscow-backed, self-declared Donetsk People’s Republic.

Women hold a protest.
Relatives of the some of the victims of the prison attack in Olenivka, along with supporters, held a protest on Saturday in Sofiivska Square in the Ukrainian capital of Kyiv. (Reuters)

Red Cross requests access to scene

The International Committee of the Red Cross, which has organized civilian evacuations in the war and worked to monitor the treatment of PoWS held by Russia and Ukraine, said it has requested access to the prison “to determine the health and condition of all the people present on-site at the time of the attack.”

“Our priority right now is making sure that the wounded receive life-saving treatment and that the bodies of those who lost their lives are dealt with in a dignified manner,” the Red Cross said in a statement.

WATCH | Experts discuss Ukrainian grain shipments, deadly attack on prison:

As conflict in Ukraine rages, experts discuss grain shipments, deadly attack on a prison

Russia and Ukraine accused each other Friday of shelling a prison in Olenivka, eastern Ukraine, an attack that reportedly killed 53 inmates and wounded 75. Ukraine is also waiting on the green light to export grain using safe shipping corridors.

Elsewhere in Eastern Ukraine, Russian rockets hit a school building overnight in Kharkiv, the country’s second-largest city, and another attack occurred about an hour later, Mayor Ihor Terekhov said Saturday.

There were no immediate reports of injuries.

The bus station in the city of Sloviansk also was hit, according to Mayor Vadim Lyakh.

Sloviansk is near the front line of fighting as Russian and separatist forces try to take full control of the Donetsk region, one of two eastern provinces that Russia has recognized as sovereign states.

In southern Ukraine, one person was killed and six injured in shelling that hit a residential area in Mykolaiv, a significant port city, the region’s administration said Saturday on Facebook.

A man stands in front of a building.
A city worker stands on a truck in front of a damaged residential building in Saltivka, a northern district of the second largest Ukrainian city of Kharkiv, on Friday. Officials said the city was hit by two Russian rocket attacks overnight. (Genya Savilov/AFP/Getty Images)

Moscow investigating

Friday’s attack on the prison reportedly killed Ukrainian soldiers who were captured in May after the fall of Mariupol, another port city where troops famously held out against a months-long Russian siege.

Moscow opened a probe into the attack, sending a team to the site from Russia’s Investigative Committee, the country’s main criminal investigation agency.

The state RIA Novosti agency reported that fragments of U.S.-supplied precision High Mobility Artillery Rocket System rockets were found at the site.

A man pushes a bicycle near damaged trees and buildings.
A man pushes a bicycle past a destroyed building in Sloviansk, a residential area in the northeastern region of Kharkiv in Eastern Ukraine on Friday. The mayor said the city’s bus station was hit by Russian rockets overnight. (Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images)

The Ukrainian military denied making any rocket or artillery strikes in Olenivka, and it accused the Russians of shelling the prison to cover up the alleged torture and execution of Ukrainians there.

The Institute for the Study of War, a Washington, D.C.-based think-tank, said the competing claims and limited information prevented assigning responsibility for the attack but that the “available visual evidence appears to support the Ukrainian claim more than the Russian.”

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